The Berlin Wall is not just a piece of history – the manner of its crumbling contains lessons for the present

By Dr Alan Mendoza

Thirty years ago this Saturday, on 9 November 1989, one of the greatest symbols of oppression the world has ever known began to be dismantled.

The Berlin Wall had stood since 1961, built by its East German masters to encircle Allied-controlled West Berlin.

But it was much more than simply a barricade. It became the very symbol of the struggle between the free and Communist worlds, its brooding, baleful presence providing an ever-present reminder to Europeans that their continent was divided by an ideology of oppression.

For uniquely among city walls in history, Berlin’s variant was built to keep people in, rather than out.


Read the full article in City A.M.


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