Discrimination remains a hotly-debated issue in multi-ethnic, religiously diverse democracies such as the UK.
The UK labour market continues to be marked by ethnic – and religious – penalties. This has been demonstrated by a wide array of CV field experiments, including the recent report by the Centre for Social Investigation at Nuffield College, University of Oxford. In higher education, studies have found that BAME students are less likely to be admitted by Russell Group institutions – even after controlling for A-level grades. Field experiments have also found ethnic penalties when it comes to access to housing – particularly in the private rental sector. British police forces – particularly the London Metropolitan Police – remain subject to accusations of racism over the supposed abuse of practices such as stop-and-search.
My analysis in my PhD thesis chapter on discrimination took into account the following statistical variables: ethnicity, gender, age, birthplace, education level, social class, main language at home, co-ethnicity of workplace, co-ethnicity of friendship group, neighbourhood non-white density, and neighbourhood deprivation.
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