Istanbul has rekindled Turkey’s fight against religious autocracy

By Dr Alan Mendoza

Istanbul is one of the most famous cities in the world, on account of a storied history encompassing myriad great events.

As Byzantium, it was first the fortress of the eastern Roman Empire and then the bastion of Orthodox Christianity.

After its fall to the Turks in 1453, the newly-minted Constantinople became the capital of the Ottoman Empire, from where Sultans dispensed law and justice across a domain that at its peak spanned from the Middle East and North Africa to the gates of Vienna.

While diminished in the post-First World War settlement, Istanbul has retained its economic importance to contemporary Turkey, as well as a romantic hold on the hearts of many beyond its borders.


Read the full article in City A.M.


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