When it came down to the crunch, the defence of Europe was always likely to become part of the Brexit negotiations.
The EU is involved in almost all aspects of our national life. In recent years it has taken an even larger role in areas once thought to be exclusively the role of the nation state – or of NATO.
Only last autumn, the EU agreed on a raft of measures as part of its much-vaunted ‘defence union’, including Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO), the Co-ordinated Annual Review on Defence (CARD) and the £4.5bn yearly defence fund.
While this is not yet a ‘Euro army’, it will almost certainly have implications for the defence of the continent.
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