Political warfare is back. The West is waking up to the realization that authoritarian states are seeking not only to weaken it, but also to intimidate, undermine, and coerce individuals, businesses, and institutions that obstruct or threaten their interests. Scholars have followed Christopher Walker and Jessica Ludwig’s work in describing China’s and Russia’s efforts to wield “sharp power” against their adversaries. What bears closer examination is just how much these efforts are guided by the countries’ intelligence and security services.
Read the full article in The American Interest