SAFE PASSAGE: THE TRANSITION FROM BRITISH TO AMERICAN HEGEMONY

Loading Events

« All Events

  • This event has passed.

SAFE PASSAGE: THE TRANSITION FROM BRITISH TO AMERICAN HEGEMONY

29 May @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

HJS-event-banner-generic-image

History records only one peaceful transition of hegemonic power: the passage from British to American dominance of the international order. What made that transition uniquely cooperative and nonviolent? Does it offer lessons to guide policy as the United States faces its own challengers – such as China – to the order it has enforced since the 1940s?

To answer these questions, Kori Schake will explore nine points of crisis or tension between Britain and the United States, from the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 to the establishment of the unequal “special relationship” during World War II. On the basis of his review of the book for the Wall Street Journal, Cambridge Professor and President of The Henry Jackson, Brendan Simms, will act as a discussant to Dr Schake’s thesis.

The Henry Jackson Society is delighted to invite you to an event with Kori Schake and Professor Brendan Simms for a discussion on her book on the transition from British to American hegemony.

Dr. Kori Schake is the Deputy Director-General of the International Institute for Strategic Studies. She is the author of Safe Passage: the Transition from British to American Hegemony (Harvard, 2017). She has worked for the National Security Council staff, the State Department’s Policy Planning Staff, and both the military and civilian staffs in the Pentagon. In 2008 she was senior policy adviser on the McCain presidential campaign. Dr Schake taught Thinking About War at Stanford University, and also in the faculties of the United States Military Academy, the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, and the University of Maryland.

 

Professor Brendan Simms is the President of The Henry Jackson Society. He is also the Professor of the History of European International Relations, Department of Politics and International Studies, at the University of Cambridge. Prof Simms is a frequent contributor to print and broadsheet media. He has advised governments and parliaments, and spoken at Westminster, in the European parliament and at think-tanks in the United Kingdom, the United States and in many eurozone countries.

 

***

EVENT SUMMARY

On the 29th of May the Henry Jackson Society had the pleasure of hosting Kori Schake, the Deputy Director-General at the International Institute for Strategic Studies and the author of Safe Passage, and Professor Brendan Simms, the President of the Henry Jackson Society. Our esteemed guests led an engaging and enlightening discussion on Dr Schake’s book and the lessons that can be drawn from the transition from British to American hegemony. Dr Schake opened the floor by reflecting upon the reasons that led her to write the book, asserting that she had been drawn to the topic by the rise of China and by the worry that it cannot happen peacefully.

Dr Schake’s core argument was that the transition from British to American hegemony was able to occur peacefully due to a sense of sameness the two nations share. Now it is common to think that Great Britain and the US are so similar that a peaceful transition would have been natural. However, Dr Schake asserted that in the 19th century the two nations defined themselves in opposition to each other. The British were concerned that the rising US would be characterized by mob rule and enormous corruption while the US harboured a hostility spurred by its conflicts with Britain. Dr Schake defined nine events in the British-American history that were the turning points marking various stages of the transition.

The first point of inflection was the introduction of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. The bilateral agreement to prevent further colonization in the western hemisphere marked the beginning of the transition as the US began to challenge existing rules and allowed for the reassertion its influence in the region with the support of Britain. The second crucial event was the Oregon Boundary Crisis, whereby settling of the disputed reaffirmed that the US was ready and willing to challenge the British hegemony. The third inflection point occurred when Britain did not recognize the Confederacy during the American civil war, choosing to remain neutral and hoping that doing so would restrain the rise of the US.

The fourth crucial point was the process whereby in the 1870s Britain and the US had defined their national mythologies. America chose to be symbolized by Western expansion and the Manifest Destiny. Britain, on the other hand, emphasized peaceful democratization, stability and restrain, which paved the way for the sharing of global responsibility. The fifth point were the Venezuelan Debt Crises, where Britain chose to lesser its contestation of the US in order to avoid war and enabled the US to take on a greater role on the international stage. The sixth event of interest was the War with Spain which set a precedent for US interventions against oppressive governments and British support for such actions.

The seventh point of inflection was World War I, marking America becoming not only regional but also a European power. The eight point were the Washington Naval Treaties, where the US dictated the terms that did not take into consideration British interests. The final ninth point of inflection was World War II which demonstrated the clear signs that the international order became dominated by the US.

Dr Schake asserted that the reason that Britain increasingly subjected itself to the growing US hegemony was the creation of civil society backed by a sense of sameness and of the societies growing together. This is absent in the relations with China, hence if it continues to rise it can be expected that the transition would not be a peaceful one and lacking in political liberalization. Dr Schake warned that a transition to Chinese hegemony could create a macrocosm of their domestic space.

Prof Simms praised Safe Passage for a creative a narrative of living history, a history that illuminates and inspires rather than providing a ridged manual. He asserted that hegemony is not about direct dominance but about the power to set the rules. However, Prof Simms emphasized that China does not want to co-set the rules, it wants to impose their own rules upon the international system.

Dr Schake closed by reflecting upon the potential of European Union becoming a superpower. She asserted that while Macron’s policies are ambitious and she would encourage more European presence in the international arena, such as the European willingness to spend more for defence outside of NATO, Europe lacks a sense of sameness and it still remains very national in nature.

Details

Date:
29 May
Time:
6:00 pm - 7:00 pm
Event Tags:
,

Venue

Millbank Tower
21-24 Millbank
Westminster, SW1P 4RS United Kingdom
+ Google Map

Other

SPEAKER
Kori Schake, Author, Safe Passage; Prof Brendan Simms, President of The Henry Jackson Society

RELATED EVENTS

Secular States, Religious Politics: India, Turkey, and the Future of Secularism

22 November @ 6:30 pm - 7:30 pm

India and Turkey were the two exemplars of twentieth-century ‘secular states’ outside of the West. Professor Sumantra Bose believes that … Continued

Movie screening ‘Better Angels’

21 November @ 6:00 pm - 8:30 pm

At a time when the world’s two acknowledged superpowers seem to be moving closer towards economic and political conflict, a … Continued

Nationalist Populism and the Future of Political Risk in the West

20 November @ 6:30 pm - 8:00 pm

The political events of recent years have sent shockwaves throughout the established order of Western liberal democracies. Election after election … Continued

Global Britain and Vietnam

20 November @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

As global trade becomes increasingly maritime in nature, so too it is beginning to follow the centre of the global economy, … Continued

The McCain Legacy and the Magnitsky Act

15 November @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

The United States’ adoption of the Sergei Magnitsky Rule of Law Accountability Act of 2012 marked a watershed in America’s, … Continued

The Future of ‘Global Britain’ as a ‘Seapower State’

13 November @ 6:00 pm - 7:30 pm

Prof. Andrew Lambert’s new book, Seapower States examines how Britain and four other seapowers used their special identities to inform … Continued

The Left’s Jewish Problem: Jeremy Corbyn, Israel and Anti-Semitism

8 November @ 6:30 pm - 7:30 pm

Dave Rich’s updated edition of The Left’s Jewish Problem: Jeremy Corbyn, Israel and Antisemitism (2018) contends that antisemitism is a … Continued

Adam Smith: What He Thought and Why It Matters

6 November @ 6:30 pm - 7:30 pm

At a time when economics and politics are ever more polarized between left and right,  Jesse Norman MP in his 'Adam … Continued

The Road to Unfreedom

5 November @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

Long before the election of Donald Trump, Timothy Snyder began to issue warnings concerning threats to American democracy. A leading … Continued

Women, Peace and Security Index

1 November @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

The status of women offers key insights into a nation's prosperity and security. The first-ever Women, Peace and Security Index offers … Continued

Polonium, Novichok, Propaganda

23 October @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

Since Vladimir Putin came to power in Russia in 2000, a defining trait of his regime has been its use … Continued

Women and Sharia Law

17 October @ 6:15 pm - 7:15 pm

Human Rights activist and Arab scholar Dr. Elham Manea in her book Women and Sharia Law: The Impact of Legal Pluralism in … Continued

Global Britain and the South China Sea

16 October @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

Over the past 4 years, the People’s Republic of China has built a number of fortress islands in the South … Continued

Moneyland: Why Thieves and Crooks Now Rule the World and How to Take It Back

15 October @ 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm

Moneyland is the secret country of the wealthy and unscrupulous, the place where they put their assets, their children and … Continued

How Russia Abuses Interpol – And How To Stop It

25 September @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

It is widely recognised that Russia abuses Interpol. Russia uses the International Criminal Police Organization to harass dissidents, political opponents, … Continued

Ending the Endless War? A New Strategy for Afghanistan

17 September @ 11:30 am - 12:30 pm

The Afghanistan War has now lasted for 17 years, and estimates suggest has cost the US government upwards of $750 … Continued

Under Siege: The Persecution of Minorities in the Middle East

13 September @ 6:00 pm - 7:30 pm

The Middle East remains one of the most tumultuous regions in the world today, with its many ethnic and religious … Continued

UK-US Financial Cooperation After Brexit

13 September @ 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm

The level of cooperation between the United Kingdom and the United States has been described as “unparalleled” among major powers. … Continued

HJS Report Launch: Negotiating the Peace: Diplomacy on the Korean Peninsula

12 September @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

The past 18 months have seen an immense amount of economic, diplomatic, and even military activity relating to the Korean … Continued

Nine Lives: My Time as MI6’s Top Spy Inside Al-Qaeda

11 September @ 6:15 pm - 7:15 pm

As one of al-Qaeda's most respected bomb-makers, Aimen Dean rubbed shoulders with the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks and swore … Continued

Exploding Data: Reclaiming Our Cyber Security in the Digital Age

6 September @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

The most dangerous threat we face today is no longer military, but rather the increasingly pervasive exposure of our personal … Continued

President Trump, the EU and the UK

30 August @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

Donald Trump campaigned in 2016 by explicitly rejecting the foreign policy of recent presidents, Democrat and Republican. Perhaps nowhere was … Continued

HOW TO RIG AN ELECTION

23 August @ 5:00 pm - 6:00 pm

To book for our next event, Exploding Data: Reclaiming Our Cyber Security in the Digital Age, press here.   SPEAKERS: Dr … Continued

END OF AN ERA: HOW CHINA’S AUTHORITARIAN REVIVAL IS UNDERMINING ITS RISE

31 July @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

SPEAKER: Professor Carl Minzner, author, End of an Era China’s reform era is ending. Core factors that characterised its political stability, … Continued

COLLAPSE: EUROPE AFTER THE EUROPEAN UNION

24 July @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

SPEAKER: Dr Ian Kearns, author, Collapse: Europe After the European Union Could the European Union collapse in the near future? Following … Continued

IN THE SHADOW OF THE AMIA BOMBING: GLOBAL TERROR AND THE THREAT TODAY

18 July @ 5:30 pm - 7:00 pm

SPEAKERS: His Excellency Renato Carlos Sersale di Cerisano - The Argentine Ambassador to the United Kingdom; Dr. Shimon Samuels - … Continued

RUSSIA’S ASSASSINATIONS ABROAD

17 July @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

SPEAKERS: Marina Litvinenko, activist and campaigner; Luke Harding, Guardian correspondent; and Giles Udy, historian and author During Vladimir Putin’s time in power a … Continued

PESHMERGA: ‘THOSE WHO FACE DEATH’

16 July @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

  SPEAKER: Dr Simon Ross Valentine, author, Peshmerga: 'Those Who Face Death' Before the invasion of northern Iraq by ISIS in … Continued

TRUMP AND TRADE DEFICITS

9 July @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

SPEAKER: Dr Linda Yueh, economist and author As we anticipate the visit of President Donald Trump to the UK, many … Continued

BY MORE THAN PROVIDENCE: GRAND STRATEGY AND AMERICAN POWER IN THE ASIA PACIFIC SINCE 1783

5 July @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

SPEAKERS: Dr Michael Green - Author of By More Than Providence and Senior Vice President for Asia and Japan Chair … Continued

GLOBAL BRITAIN AND INDIA: A NEW ‘SPECIAL RELATIONSHIP’?

3 July @ 2:00 pm - 5:00 pm

In the midst of some great changes in the international system, countries have been left with the qaundry of how … Continued

BELLINGCAT, OPEN SOURCE INVESTIGATIONS, AND THE TRUTH ABOUT MH17

2 July @ 6:00 pm - 7:30 pm

SPEAKER: Eliot Higgins, Founder of Bellingcat The destruction of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 over eastern Ukraine in July 2014 shocked the … Continued

ASIAN WATERS: THE STRUGGLE OVER THE ASIA-PACIFIC AND THE STRATEGY OF CHINESE EXPANSION

27 June @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

SPEAKERS: Humphrey Hawksley, author of Asian Waters: The Struggle Over the Asia-Pacific and the Strategy of Chinese Expansion ; Bill Hayton, Associate Fellow … Continued

THE SECRET WORLD: A HISTORY OF INTELLIGENCE

26 June @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

SPEAKER: PROFESSOR CHRISTOPHER ANDREW, Author of The Secret World: A History of Intelligence Partly because of official secrecy, no 20th century … Continued

BETWEEN KIN AND COSMOPOLIS: AN ETHIC OF THE NATION

20 June @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

PROFESSOR NIGEL BIGGAR, Regius Professor of Moral and Pastoral Theology, Oxford University, in conversation with Douglas Murray The nation-state is … Continued

THE ISRAEL-PALESTINIAN PEACE PROCESS: PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE

19 June @ 5:00 pm - 6:00 pm

SPEAKER: EHUD OLMERT, former Prime Minister of Israel It’s been 10 years since the last meaningful peace deal was put … Continued

HORIZON 2020: WHAT WILL THE MIDTERMS TELL US ABOUT THE FUTURE OF U.S. ELECTIONS?

13 June @ 12:30 pm - 1:30 pm

Whatever one’s feelings toward the outcome of the 2016 US elections, there can be no doubting the historic impact and … Continued

NATO: EUROPEAN SECURITY AT A TIME OF TRANSATLANTIC UNCERTAINTY

12 June @ 6:00 pm - 7:30 pm

As Britain considers its relationship with Europe, European security has never been more precarious, with Russian revanchism on the rise … Continued

HJS-event-banner-generic-image

HJS REPORT LAUNCH: “DEFENDING EUROPE: ‘GLOBAL BRITAIN’ AND THE FUTURE OF EUROPEAN GEOPOLITICS”

11 June @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm

As the United Kingdom leaves the European Union, geopolitics is returning to the European continent. Germany and France are squabbling … Continued

ON TWITTER

HJS



Lost your password?

Not a member? Please click here