NATO: EUROPEAN SECURITY AT A TIME OF TRANSATLANTIC UNCERTAINTY
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NATO: EUROPEAN SECURITY AT A TIME OF TRANSATLANTIC UNCERTAINTY
12th June 2018 @ 6:00 pm - 7:30 pmFree
As Britain considers its relationship with Europe, European security has never been more precarious, with Russian revanchism on the rise at NATO’s borders.
The subversive activities that it carries out inside Europe, and its claims on the Arctic will present the Western Alliance with real challenges. In the meantime, there are shifts inside Europe – such as the refugee crisis coming from Europe’s southern and eastern borders, which have led to both home-grown terrorism and the rise of right-wing populism.
These internal issues fall outside NATO’s usual remit, but tear at the cohesion of the Western Alliance. Now is the time for the West to realise its need for alliance solidarity, and for Britain to commit to playing a large role in European security.
By kind invitation of the Rt Hon. Dr Julian Lewis MP, The Henry Jackson Society, in partnership with NATO and Konrad Adenauer, are proud to present a distinguished parliamentary panel on European security in a time of transatlantic uncertainty.
Dr Jamie Shea is NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges. He has been working with NATO since 1980. During this time, he has been the Director of Policy Planning in the Private Office of the Secretary General, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for External Relations, Public Diplomacy Division, Director of Information and Press, Spokesman of NATO and Deputy Director of Information and Press, Deputy Head and Senior Planning Officer at the Policy Planning and Multilateral Affairs Section of the Political Directorate as well as Assistant to the Secretary General of NATO for Special Projects.
Admiral James Foggo III is a United States Navy Admiral who currently serves as Commander of US Naval Forces Europe, while concurrently serving as the Commander of US Naval Forces Africa and Commander of Allied Joint Force Command Naples. He is a 1981 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and an Olmsted Scholar and Moreau Scholar, earning a Master of Public Administration at Harvard University and a Diplome d’Etudes Approfondies in Defense and Strategic Studies from the University of Strasbourg, France.
On the 12th of June the Henry Jackson Society had the pleasure of hosting Dr Jamie Shea, NATO Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges, and Admiral James Foggo III, United States Navy Admiral and Commander of US Naval Forces in Europe.
Admiral Foggo began by explaining how we are in a period of transatlantic uncertainty. NATO is about to turn seventy years old and it is one of the most powerful alliances in history. The Admiral then explained how he has served throughout his career and he considers Euro-Atlantic security to be founding principle when the alliance was signed and is still a relevant principle today.
He then discussed Exercise Trident Juncture, one of the largest NATO exercises since 2002. Approximately forty thousand troops along with seventy ships and about one hundred-thirty aircraft will be deployed in North Norway. The exercise will occur at the end of October which will help troops deal with the extreme temperatures of the North. This is particularly useful for troops that have been stationed in Afghanistan and Iraq since they have had little exposure to the extreme cold within recent years.
The Admiral then went on to give praise to the NATO’s four thirty policy. The four thirties are: thirty mechanized battalions, thirty air squadrons, thirty combat vessels, ready within thirty days or less. This highlights a key theme in recent NATO exercises, mobilization.
He then went on to strategic direction in the South-East, and South. In the South-East KFOR is making progress in the Balkans even after the assassination of Oliver Ivanovic. In the South the goals of the ‘hub’ are to coordinate with countries across the Middle East and North Africa.
Dr Jamie Shea followed Admiral Foggo by discussing the internal front. There are three fronts: The East, the South, and the internal front. The internal front is a society’s political will to employ policy decisions. All three fronts are required to have a successful foreign policy and if one front is neglected all fronts will fail.
Dr Shea went onto discuss four challenges that face NATO: visibility, readiness, mobility, and preparedness. Visibility refers to the Supreme Allied Commander’s knowledge of NATO military capabilities. Readiness refers to the ability to keep military equipment up to date. Mobility is how fast a military can be ready. Preparedness refers to getting the correct intelligence so the top command of NATO can make informed decisions.
Dr Shea finished his presentation by emphasizing that there needs to be a diplomatic approach in addition to a military approach. In order for NATO to work properly they need more allies, these allies can come from the three fronts: The South, East, and internally. If NATO only focusses on military, then it would be accomplishing 50% of the solution.
To close Dr Shea stated that NATO looked better than it sounds. Which means even though it may appear turbulent, in reality the NATO is still as strong as ever. Admiral Foggo added to this by stating that NATO is the most successful security alliance in the world and it has a bright future ahead of it.
The Henry Jackson Society was delighted to have these two distinguished speakers. Coming up, the Henry Jackson Society will be hosting Eliot Higgins on July 2nd from 6-7:30pm in Portcullis House and Dr Michael Green on July 5th from 6-7pm at Millbank Tower.
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