Key Trends and Developments in Israeli Society and Economy
- This event has passed.
Key Trends and Developments in Israeli Society and Economy
24 September @ 1:00 pm - 2:00 pm
With yet another closely contested Israeli election having just concluded, and coalition-forming prospects looking confused, it is an appropriate time to consider the background to the results: how Israel’s economic and social landscape has changed over time, how it compares with other developed countries, and how trends differ between Israel’s diverse population groups.
The Henry Jackson Society is delighted to invite you to a discussion with Professor Avi Weiss, President of the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, at which he will present the Center’s most up-to-date findings on key social policy issues in Israel, including education, welfare, labour markets, healthcare, and the demographic shifts that affect all of these areas. And what this might mean for Israel’s next government.
Professor Avi Weiss, Taub Center President, received his PhD from the University of Chicago in 1987. He is a Professor of Economics at Bar-Ilan University, and his fields of interest include Applied Microeconomics and Behavioral and Experimental Economics. He served as Chair of the Economics Department at Bar-Ilan between 2005 and 2008. He is the editor of The Economic Quarterly, the journal of the Israel Economic Association. Avi served as Chief Economist and Deputy Director of the Israel Antitrust Authority (today called the Competition Authority) between 2003 and 2005, and has served on other public committees such as the Anti-Dumping Committee and the Trajtenberg Committee. Today he is a member of a Committee charged with determining how to increase worker productivity in Trade and Services industries. To date, Avi has been with the Taub Center for four years while continuing to educate the next generation of Israeli economists.
Emma Fox is a Research Fellow in the Centre on Radicalisation and Terrorism. Emma’s work specialises on UK extremist networks and their exploitation of institutions within civil society. She recently published Islamic Human Rights Commission: Advocating for the Ayotollahs an investigative report into the activities and status of a London-based extremist organisation. She was previously the Director of Student Rights – analysing the vulnerability of students to extremism within Higher Education. As Student Rights Director, Emma published the ‘Extreme Speakers and Events: 2017/18’ and ‘Profiting from Prejudice: How Mend’s ‘IAM’ Campaign Legitimised Extremism’ reports. Her work has been published across the national media; including in The Daily Telegraph and The Times. Emma holds a first-class degree in Classical Civilisation from the University of Leeds.
On 24th September, the Henry Jackson society welcomed Professor Avi Weiss, President of the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, for an event titled ‘Key Trends and Developments in Israeli Society and Economy’. The discussion focused on comparing demographic trends within the Israeli population and how these affect Israel’s education, welfare, labour markets and healthcare system.
Professor Weiss opened by explaining how Israel can be understood as a ‘small island economy’. Indeed, while Israel is not surrounded by water, trade with its neighbouring countries is extremely limited due to the geopolitical situation and protectionist policies, which in turn maintain high prices.
He reminded the audience that Israel experienced an unusual immigration influx after the fall of the Iron Curtain whereby one million highly educated people entered the workforce at a lower level than their skillset would prescribe. This, in large part, allowed the high tech sector to build itself. He emphasized that Israel is a dual sector economy with a high tech sector that only employs 9% of the population but contributes 12% of the GDP. In other economies, the success of the high tech sector trickles down and pulls up the entire economy through workforce mobility however, this is not happening in Israel and few ‘middle jobs’ are created. This is precisely what Professor Weiss described as the source of the country’s strong income gap.
Because Security is not covered by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies, Professor Weiss only briefly mentioned the topic in terms of its socio-economic dimension. He informed the audience that, compared to other OECD countries, Israel’s taxes were low. But, with a large part of its revenue going to defence, the state’s capacity to provide public goods and social services is constrained.
As demography was the discussion’s guiding thread, Professor Weiss offered an overview of the Israeli population and how it was transforming. Israel, in contrast to other OECD countries, has a fertility rate of 3.1 per women meaning its population is growing and getting younger. He noted that while it is true that the Haredi Jews still have more children than other groups, it is the secular families that are generating an upturn in the number of births. In fact, the number of births by Haredi women has decreased since 2003. Professor Weiss, explained that up to that point in time, families could live off child support without working enabling men to study religion full-time and Haredi women to take care of their children. With the aim to push large swaths of its population into the workforce, the government drastically cut child allowances. The policy change did increase participation in the workforce, interestingly more so for women than for men.
Professor Weiss then addressed the topic of education and presented the four educational systems under the ministry of education: the Arab Israeli system, the Ultra-Orthodox system, the Modern-Orthodox system and the state school system. He certified that the country’s complex educational structure affects many issues inside the country including employment accessibility.
The biggest take away of this discussion was centred on the increasing number of Arab Israeli women enrolling in high school and university. Professor Weiss insisted that a new wave of innovation would come from this group.
The discussion finished with a round of compelling questions from the audience.
The prewar history of the Japanese intelligence community is an indictment of the effects of power and bureaucratic arrogance without … Continued
From the early 1970s, the three regions of Taiwan, Mainland China and Hong Kong have experienced divergent democratic fortunes, as … Continued
The Henry Jackson Society and the British-Korean Society are delighted to invite you to the invitation-only roundtable with … Continued
Britain currently ranks 17 out of 129 across the world in terms of women’s equality, with Iceland being the leader … Continued
How is the US Government tackling Anti-Semitism? With growing concern over Islamist extremism, Far-Left hate speech against Jews and the … Continued
Russia has been at war with Chechnya twice since 1991, and Chechnya has been involved with the gravest of national … Continued
Vibrant international engagement has often been suggested to have gone out of the proverbial window in modern nation-state geopolitics. Indeed, … Continued
The Henry Jackson Society is delighted to invite you to the invitation-only roundtable discussion with Mihoko Matsubara, Chief Cybersecurity Strategist, … Continued
The Henry Jackson Society is delighted to invite you to the invitation-only roundtable discussion with His Excellency Erlan Idrissov, Ambassador … Continued
President Donald Trump’s unorthodox approach to foreign policy and the uncertainty caused by Brexit have led to a period of … Continued
The Henry Jackson Society is delighted to invite you to this invitation-only workshop on Vietnam, the Indo-Pacific and Global Britain. … Continued
With yet another closely contested Israeli election having just concluded, and coalition-forming prospects looking confused, it is an appropriate time … Continued
As the 21st century continues, it has become increasingly apparent that humanity is operating within a constantly shifting and multi-polar … Continued
The Henry Jackson Society is delighted to invite you to the invitation-only roundtable discussion with Admiral (Ret’d) Chen Yeong-Kang ‘Taiwan’s … Continued
These days the world is facing an unprecedented wave of violent extremism by non-state actors of various stripes. The causes … Continued
2019 marks the ten years of the launch of the Eastern Partnership initiative. Although the initiative has provided the necessary … Continued
The UK’s decision to leave the European Union in the June 2016 referendum on EU membership has generated fierce debate … Continued
It is important to discuss what drives social and economic exclusion among British Muslim women. Levels of female unemployment continue … Continued
How is the US Government tackling anti-Semitism? With growing concern over Islamist extremism, Far-Left anti-Zionism and the rise of Neo-Nazi … Continued
The UK has suffered at the hands of far-right terrorism in recent times. This includes the killing of Labour MP … Continued
Everyone knows that populism in the US and UK today is rooted not only in resentment toward elites but also … Continued
According to Elif Shafak, culture and literature matters. It becomes especially relevant in the age of populism, pessimism and political … Continued
The unfolding crisis in Venezuela represents a major challenge not only for the country’s citizens, but also for the international community. … Continued
As we commemorate the 30th anniversary of the events culminating in the Tiananmen Square Massacre of June 4th 1989, it is important to note … Continued
As the strategic environment changes, planning for state-on-state military confrontation has re-emerged. Non-state actors – perhaps assisted by revisionist powers … Continued
The BJP had an impressive victory in the 2019 General Election, emerging as the single largest party garnering more vote … Continued
In the twenty-five years after 1989, the world enjoyed the deepest peace in history. In The Rise and Fall of … Continued
In recent times, national populism has been on the march in much of the Western world. 2016 was a year … Continued
Twenty years after NATO’s bombing of Yugoslavia, the Western Balkans countries are beset by economic, political, and social uncertainty. The … Continued
In light of the publication of the Modernising Defence Programme in December 2018, which recognised the emergence of a more … Continued
The relationship between Russia and the West is once again deep in crisis. A major reason for this is that … Continued
The special relationship is under strain. President Donald Trump’s unorthodox approach to foreign policy together and the uncertainty caused by … Continued
On March 29, the United Nations adopted Security Council Resolution 2367 on sexual violence in conflict. Questions have been raised, … Continued
In late 2013, the People’s Republic of China began building and fortifying islands across a number of reefs in the … Continued
The Wealth Effect: How the Great Expectations of the Middle Class Have Changed the Politics of Banking Crises
The rising wealth of middle class households and voters has transformed the politics of banking crises. At this event, Jeffrey … Continued
In the state elections in December 2018, the big loser was the BJP, which had won 62 of 65 Lok … Continued
Belarus has received increased international attention over recent years, much of which has focused on Russia’s ambitions towards the country. … Continued
With returning IS fighters and uncertainty over Brexit, concerns surrounding human rights, civil liberties and national security have never been … Continued
Putin’s Hostages: Ukrainian Political Prisoners of the Kremlin is a documentary about the roughly 70 Ukrainians political prisoners incarcerated … Continued
In the eyes of many, the prospect of a two-state solution to the Israel-Palestine conflict is diminishing. With peace talks … Continued
Hon. Malcolm Turnbull, Australia’s 29th Prime Minister, on ‘Preserving the Freedom of the Asia Pacific’
The Henry Jackson Society is delighted to host Hon. Malcolm Turnbull, Former Australian Prime Minister, for a special event chaired … Continued
Five years ago next month, Russia annexed Crimea in the first forcible annexation of the territory of a European country … Continued
Western liberalism is under attack, not only at home also but from newly-emboldened authoritarian states abroad. Across the West, states … Continued
Deep new rifts are tearing apart the fabric of Britain and other Western societies: thriving cities versus the provinces, the … Continued
Though mankind has traded tangible goods for millennia, recent technology has changed the fundamentals of trade, in both legitimate and … Continued
China’s Belt and Road strategy is acknowledged to be the most ambitious geopolitical initiative of the age. Covering almost seventy countries by land … Continued
Why Middle Eastern Jewish Refugees Are Key to Understanding and Resolving the Israel-Palestine Conflict
Jews lived continuously in the Middle East and North Africa for almost 3,000 years. But in just 50 years, indigenous communities … Continued
India and Turkey were the two exemplars of twentieth-century ‘secular states’ outside of the West. Professor Sumantra Bose believes that … Continued
The political events of recent years have sent shockwaves throughout the established order of Western liberal democracies. Election after election … Continued
Prof. Andrew Lambert’s new book, Seapower States examines how Britain and four other seapowers used their special identities to inform … Continued
Dave Rich’s updated edition of The Left’s Jewish Problem: Jeremy Corbyn, Israel and Antisemitism (2018) contends that antisemitism is a … Continued
Moneyland is the secret country of the wealthy and unscrupulous, the place where they put their assets, their children and … Continued
The Afghanistan War has now lasted for 17 years, and estimates suggest has cost the US government upwards of $750 … Continued
The Middle East remains one of the most tumultuous regions in the world today, with its many ethnic and religious … Continued
The past 18 months have seen an immense amount of economic, diplomatic, and even military activity relating to the Korean … Continued
As one of al-Qaeda's most respected bomb-makers, Aimen Dean rubbed shoulders with the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks and swore … Continued
The most dangerous threat we face today is no longer military, but rather the increasingly pervasive exposure of our personal … Continued
SPEAKER: Professor Carl Minzner, author, End of an Era China’s reform era is ending. Core factors that characterised its political stability, … Continued
SPEAKERS: His Excellency Renato Carlos Sersale di Cerisano - The Argentine Ambassador to the United Kingdom; Dr. Shimon Samuels - … Continued
SPEAKERS: Dr Michael Green - Author of By More Than Providence and Senior Vice President for Asia and Japan Chair … Continued
In the midst of some great changes in the international system, countries have been left with the qaundry of how … Continued
SPEAKER: Eliot Higgins, Founder of Bellingcat The destruction of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17 over eastern Ukraine in July 2014 shocked the … Continued
SPEAKERS: Humphrey Hawksley, author of Asian Waters: The Struggle Over the Asia-Pacific and the Strategy of Chinese Expansion ; Bill Hayton, Associate Fellow … Continued
PROFESSOR NIGEL BIGGAR, Regius Professor of Moral and Pastoral Theology, Oxford University, in conversation with Douglas Murray The nation-state is … Continued
SPEAKER: EHUD OLMERT, former Prime Minister of Israel It’s been 10 years since the last meaningful peace deal was put … Continued
Whatever one’s feelings toward the outcome of the 2016 US elections, there can be no doubting the historic impact and … Continued
As Britain considers its relationship with Europe, European security has never been more precarious, with Russian revanchism on the rise … Continued
As the United Kingdom leaves the European Union, geopolitics is returning to the European continent. Germany and France are squabbling … Continued