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ISIS
October 17, 2016

Mosul’s Liberation is Just the Beginning of a Dangerous New Phase in the Conflict

by
Henry Jackson Society

While Islamic State’s removal from power in Mosul is obviously necessary, the different forces operating against them may become rivals in the aftermath. It is far from clear that Islamic State will lose the capacity to operate clandestinely within and around Mosul after ceding political control.

The battle to retake Mosul from Islamic State has begun. The Kurdish Peshmerga, Iraqi government, and allied forces began their assault today. As Mosul is Islamic State’s largest stronghold, this represents an essential step in dismantling the caliphate. It is also an extremely dangerous step. Islamic State controls a large civilian population and has no concern whatsoever for their safety. Additionally it is far from clear what the aftermath of a successful recapture will be; different parts of the coalition have differing objectives and in the past Islamist groups have demonstrated the capacity to mount terrorist insurgent campaigns long after the levers of power are wrested from them.

Kyle Orton, Research Fellow at The Henry Jackson Society, said; “The operation to clear the Islamic State from Mosul will, upon completion, effectively deprive the group of the Iraqi half of its caliphate. In many ways this is the easy part, however. The military preparations have significantly outpaced the political and diplomatic ones. There are multiple, competing local and international interests involved in Mosul, and no agreement about their role in the aftermath. The political turmoil after the Islamic State is driven from overt control of the city, as well as the Islamic State’s deep underground infrastructure in the area that cannot be uprooted if the new order is viewed as illegitimate, risks providing a path for the Islamic State’s revival.”

Notes to Editors:

The Henry Jackson Society is a think tank and policy-shaping force that fights for the principles and alliances which keep societies free – working across borders and party lines to combat extremism, advance democracy and real human rights, and make a stand in an increasingly uncertain world.  Henry Jackson Society research and events provide key analysis and insight to policy-makers and the media.

The Henry Jackson Society can provide interviews with experts including the Executive Director, Dr Alan Mendoza, the Deputy Director, Davis Lewin, and Research Fellow Kyle Orton

For interview requests, please contact The Henry Jackson Society.