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Amid heightened awareness of the disturbing number of British fighters joining Islamic State, British Jihadists: Preventing Travel Abroad and Stopping Attacks at Home, shows why they demonstrate a real threat to national security and offers practical policy instruments to meet the counter-terrorism objectives outlined by the Prime Minister earlier this month.
Furthermore, the report measures the ‘blowback’ from previous jihadist conflicts, showing that the problem of returning fighters targeting the UK is not new. HJS analysis indicates that individuals with prior combat experience and/or terrorist training abroad were disproportionately involved in the most serious offences and attacks in the UK between 1999 and 2010. While one in five (19%) of all terrorists during this period had foreign training/combat experience, the figure rose to 41% of those directly involved in the eight major bomb plots, including 7/7, 21/7 and the 2006 airline bomb plot.
Practical policy recommendations outlined in the report include: